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Waterworld: Becoming the Kevin Costner Movie We Didn’t Know We Could Be

In Creative, Movies/TV, Pop Culture!, Sci-Fi, The Great Outdoors on April 10, 2014 at 4:05 pm

Why Sea Level Matters – Even if We’re Not Waterworld

Environmental textbooks like to emphasize that ours is a water world, driven by a complex hydrological system that both regulates global temperatures and nourishes the land.  But that’s not the kind of water world I’m talking about.

I’m talking about Waterworld, the 1995 post-apocalyptic sci-fi movie starring Kevin Costner.  It’s a bizarre film – and not just because its eco-friendly protagonist sports webbed toes and gills.  Waterworld’s western parallels play out on a vast, post-apocalyptic ocean where the desert is made of water and all the horses are boats.

Costner plays The Mariner, a drifter whose very nature makes him unsuited for civilized life.  The gruff nomad finds himself drawn into a woman’s quest to find Dryland, a mythic place in this distant future where the polar ice caps have melted and drowned all dry land.

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Check out what the world will look like after the ice melts!

The good news is that scientists think it will take up to 5,000 years for all the ice on Earth to melt – not the mere 500 years it took in the movie universe.

The mechanics of sea level rise are fairly simple.  Heat absorbed from the sun is warming ocean water.  Warming water expands, its extra space contributing to higher sea levels while its heat melts smaller ice caps and glaciers.

Most of the Earth’s warming over the past 40 years has been hidden in the ocean, and that’s unsettling because it took scientists almost as long to figure that out. Meanwhile, the combination of atmospheric warming and ocean warming has helped global sea levels rise 1.0 – 2.5 millimeters per year over the last century.

At the same time, global warming patterns are expected to speed glacial melt and increase tropical sea temperatures.  Sea levels are difficult to predict but could rise between 6 – 37 inches by 2100 … if Antarctica holds.

WAIS, antarctic ice sheets, map of antarctic ice sheetsThere’s a reason most research on sea level rise leads to the Antarctic.  The continent, which is covered in snow and glacial ice, holds more than 800,000 years of climate history in its ice.  With ice shelves extending off 75 percent of its coastline, Antarctica is the Big Boss for climate change.

Glaciologists agree that the Come-to-Jesus moment for sea level rise will happen when and if the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) collapses.  A marine ice sheet, the WAIS could become unstable if ocean warming trends continue.  If this one ice sheet melts, it could raise sea levels more than three meters (about 10 feet).

Evidence from sediment samples in ice cores suggests the WAIS melted in previous interglacial periods.  Keeping a watchful eye is not unreasonable, especially after the recent collapses of two major Antarctic ice shelves:  The Larsen A in 1995 and the Larsen B in 2002.  While studies have since shown the Larsen A previously melted and returned, they also concluded that the Larsen B Ice Shelf was a permanent fixture during previous warming cycles.

This begs the question:  Is Waterworld even possible?

Nope!  Melting polar ice caps will not drown the entire known world – but they would rewrite it. If the polar ice caps, land ice and glaciers all melted, the Earth’s sea level would rise more than 200 feet. Swaths of North America would disappear into the Atlantic and whole countries erased, but there would still be land.

While this isn’t exactly Waterworld-type ocean rise, it would devastate already at- risk coastal cities and upend today’s geopolitical structure.

And that’s kinda the point of the film.

For a film that doesn’t openly discuss ecology, Waterworld is surprisingly preachy.  The reluctant hero is a man whose mutations enable him to live in harmony with the environment.  The antagonists, pirates who cobbled together smoke-belching combustion engines, terrorize society from an old oil tanker called Exxon Valdez.  Even its premise evolved with the idea that humans created ecological factors resulting in their own destruction.

“What was different about [Waterworld] was that it had to do with an ecological conflagration, a whole world covered in water because of human stupidity and greed,” said director Kevin Reynolds in a 1995 interview.

the mariner boat, exxon valdez waterworld,

Scientists don’t expect Antarctica to melt any time soon.  The continent, which is buried beneath feet of ice sheets, can survive warmer climates for some time before it gives way.

For now, Antarctica’s western ice sheet is safe.  But should it fail in the future, we may well be on our way to the water world Kevin Reynolds and Peter Rader envisioned.  And, as in the movie, it would be society’s destructive practices that caused it.

The 100: 1×03 “Earth Kills” (EPISODE REVIEW)

In Movies/TV, Pop Culture! on April 9, 2014 at 3:52 pm

My initial skepticism for “The 100” was entirely to do with the premise (If nuclear warfare devastated the planet, it would not be hospitable in just three generations). Nevertheless, I watched and was surprised.

Unlike “Star-Crossed,” which began with an interesting premise and is threatening to become a romance-driven story, “The 100” really a better job of keeping your attention on its gritty story line. The friendships forged in this bleak future seem more complex and more challenging than your average CW show. With main characters who are interesting in and of themselves, I foresee future romantic plots acting as a respite from the harsher realities of life on Earth.

If the show’s quality continues building, consider me in for the long haul.

Geekritique

Surprising everyone, this show continues to get better and better. Although not emotionally attached to the characters and storyline yet, the episode does an extremely well job to engage even distracted viewers. While I was watching ‘Earth Kills’ my family was passing in and out of the room (annoying, yes), but occasionally they’d have to stop and watch because it just held a certain amount of gravitas that didn’t exist in previous episodes. I was planing on dropping the show after this episode if it didn’t pick up. If this episode is any indication, the 100 might actually be a decent series, guys.

The pilot was riddled with average primetime television writing, leaving me with a bad taste in my mouth. The second episode was only slightly better, removing most of the terrible one-liners while introducing us to the typical young adult dystopian terminology you can expect from the…

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The Winter Soldier Is a Better Sympathetic Villain Than Loki Ever Was

In Comics/Superheroes, Movies/TV on April 4, 2014 at 1:07 pm

We all love the god of mischief, but if you saw Captain America: The Winter Soldier you might need to make room in your heart for another villain.

The second Captain America film takes place in a fearful post-Avengers world where government surveillance and military oversight are growing ubiquitous.  Captain America finds himself doubting S.H.I.E.L.D.’s reactionary and fear-based policies, which could easily be misused to great catastrophe.  In the midst of the storm, a new Hydra threat emerges to silence Captain America and take over the world.

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If you read the comics, watched the first film or looked up Captain America within the last year, you know the Winter Soldier’s true identity.  Steve Roger’s childhood best friend “Bucky” Barnes, who seemingly died in the 1943, has been remade by Hydra into a ruthless assassin through physical and mental manipulation.

While Loki looks like he’s having fun, The Winter Soldier is all business.  As Natasha Romanoff explains to Rogers, he completes his missions at any cost.  But his ruthlessness is not inborn but manufactured.

Contrast this with Loki who, after his redemption arc was destroyed in The Dark World, became yet another version of the Lovable Sociopath theme.  Audiences largely forgave Loki from his murderous tendencies in Thor because he had a legitimate bone to pick with his family.  The Dark World shows Loki in a less forgiving light, stripping the veil of begrudged brother away to make room for the last film in the trilogy.

bucky barnes and captain america, steve rogers sidekickThe Winter Soldier makes a bigger emotional impact as a villain because the viewer has no doubt that Bucky was a good man.  The audience see him stand up for the diminutive Steve Rogers and fight against tyranny.  He is brave in the face of danger, a champion of Captain America’s cause.  He also possesses a good-natured sense of humor that opposes Loki’s sarcasm and malicious pranks.

In one striking scene, where the movie’s main antagonist demands to see “The Asset,” viewers get a humanizing peek at the Winter Soldier, a conflicted and confused man who has been memory-wiped and tortured for more than 50 years.  The Asset, as the villains call their creation in order to separate him from his identity, is more than the brutal assassin seen moments before.  When he expresses concern that he recognized Captain America, the Hydra leader orders his caretakers to “reset” him, which they promptly do using an intense looking version of electroshock therapy.

Bucky Barnes is being used as a lethal tool by the institution he gave his life trying to destroy.  He has been divorced from his identity and forced into evil with no choice in the matter.  Bucky needs to be saved, not stopped.

A running Internet theory is that Thanos tortured Loki so badly between Thor and The Avengers that it warped his personality.  While that would lessen his moral responsibility in The Avengers, it’s not canon.  Sorry Internet, but all signs point to a business partnership between the two.

loki evil grin, loki sociopath, loki chaotic evil

Loki’s later actions in The Dark World reveal his manipulative, sociopathic nature.  Following his questionable ascent to power, it is doubtful that Loki had a sincere bone in his body.  Loki’s choices aren’t compelling because that’s what they are:  choices.

There’s nothing sympathetic about being willfully cruel.

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